Congestive Heart Failure in Dogs
Right-sided congestive heart failure occurs when the heart fails to pump blood at the rate required to meet the basic needs of the body. While it is not curable, there are treatment options that can improve the quality of life for your dog.
All organ systems in the body can be affected by congestive heart failure. Common signs include weakness, lethargy, difficulty breathing, an enlarged liver, and abdominal distension. Upon physical examination, several indications of the disease may present, including jugular vein distention, heart murmur, and rapid, shallow breathing.
Heartworms can be a source of congestive heart failure. In some cases, congenital heart conditions are hereditary, particularly with the Boxer breed. In other situations, a weak heart muscle can cause congestive heart failure.
Your veterinarian will need to differentiate between causes of the heart failure when examining your dog. A complete blood profile will be conducted, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. Other diagnostic tests include heartworm testing and fluid analysis to determine the cause. Also, you will need to give a thorough history of your dog’s health, onset of symptoms, and possible incidents that might have preceded this condition. The history you provide may give your veterinarian clues as to which organs are being affected secondarily. Additionally, if there is any information you can give about your dog’s familial line, it can help your doctor to pinpoint the origin of the heart condition.
Most dogs are treated on an outpatient basis unless the condition is severe. Some of the treatment options that are used to deal with this disease include a restriction of activity and a reduction of sodium in the diet. In some cases, surgery will be required. If there is a build-up of fluid in the abdomen or the chest, a technique called “tapping” can be used to remove some of the excess liquid.
Living and Management
Following treatment, it is important to administer the full course of prescribed medication and observe any abnormalities in your dog’s behavior. It will also be necessary to monitor your dog’s kidney health. This disease is not curable so that ongoing management will be required.
Preventing right-sided congestive heart failure is dependent on the underlying cause of the disease. For example, if heartworms are the reasons of the heart diseases, you will need to ensure that your dog is taking heartworm medication regularly and that you revisit your veterinarian for routine wellness checkups.